生物防治法

1. 目的
運用生態食物鏈的方式,採用對環境影響最小且可以減少傳染性疾病病原的物種,以減少使用化學性殺蟲劑的使用及殘留。
 
2. 方法與原理
運用生態食物鏈的方式,針對想改善的傳染性疾病病原,選取合適的生物,消滅病原。
 
3. 案例介紹
食蚊魚用於防治蚊子幼蟲在全球已被證實,且有許多研究發現,利用食蚊魚進行生物防治都有很好的控制蚊蟲效果(Bhattacharjee et al., 2009),在土耳其,發現鱂魚(Aphanius chantrei’s)雖然它並非食蚊魚屬的魚類,但它可當作食蚊魚使用,也可以在晚上進行餵食(Yildirim and Karacuha, 2007)。阿根廷的研究中也發現,鱂魚(Cnesterodon decemmaculatus)能有效降低家蚊孳生的數量(Tranchida et al., 2010)。在台灣也有許多食蚊魚的研究(Wang et al., 2000, Wang et al., 1990, Chen et al., 1994),皆發現食蚊魚有控制登革熱病媒蚊的效果。
 
4. 代表性照片與圖說

5. 台灣推動可行性評估

6. 參考文獻
  • BHATTACHARJEE, I., ADITYA, G. & CHANDRA, G. 2009. Laboratory and field assessment of the potential of larvivorous, air-breathing fishes as predators of culicine mosquitoes. Biological Control, 49, 126-133.
  • CHEN, Y.-R., HWANG, J.-S. & GUO, Y.-J. 1994. Ecology and control of dengue vector mosquitoes in Taiwan. Gaoxiong yi xue ke xue za zhi= The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences, 10, S78-87.
  • ROZENDAAL, J. A. 1997. Vector control: methods for use by individuals and communities, World Health Organization.
  • TRANCHIDA, M., PELIZZA, S., BISARO, V., BELTR N, C., GARC A, J. & MICIELI, M. 2010. Use of the neotropical fish< i> Cnesterodon decemmaculatus</i> for long-term control of< i> Culex pipiens</i> L. in Argentina. Biological Control, 53, 183-187.
  • WANG, C., HWANG, J. & LAY, J. 1990. [Preliminary study on the biological control of dengue vectors by fish in Liouchyou Prefecture, Pingtung County, Taiwan]. Gaoxiong yi xue ke xue za zhi= The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences, 6, 382-388.
  • WANG, C. H., CHANG, N. T., WU, H. H. & HO, C. M. 2000. Integrated control of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in Liu-Chiu village, Ping-Tung County, Taiwan. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 16, 93-99.
  • YILDIRIM, O. & KARACUHA, A. 2007. A preliminary study on determination of Aphanius chantrei's feeding behaviour on mosquito larvae. Acta tropica, 102, 172-175.


上稿日期:2015-11-19 更新日期:2015-11-19