脆弱族群之定義

1. 目的
從公共衛生的角度來看,易感受族群往往是最先受到危害的,因此找出易感受族群,並在傳染病爆發前,適時地提供保護,便能減少得病的風險。

2. 方法與原理
先定義在氣候變遷下,脆弱度與調適的目的,之後規劃如何進行研究、評估應要涵蓋的範圍,以及評估的流程等進行統整與說明。
其步驟如下所述:
a) Determine the scope of the assessment
b) Describe the current distribution and burden of climate-sensitive health determinants and outcomes
c) Identify and describe current strategies, policies, and measures designed to reduce the burden of climate-sensitive health determinants and outcomes
d) Review the health implications of the potential impacts of climate variability and change in other sectors
e) Estimate the future potential health impacts using scenarios of future changes in climate, socioeconomic, and other factors
f) Synthesize the results
g) Identify additional adaptation policies and measures to reduce potential negative health impacts.

3. 案例介紹
過去已有葡萄牙、古巴、加拿大、世界衛生組織等應用此套方法進行評估。

4. 代表性照片與圖說
(Relationship between CV and VH. CV Climate variability, VH Viral hepatitis, Bultó et al., 2006)

5. 台灣推動可行性評估

6. 參考文獻
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1764166/
EBI, K. L., KOVATS, R. S. & MENNE, B. 2006. An approach for assessing human health vulnerability and public health interventions to adapt to climate change. Environmental health perspectives, 1930-1934.
BULT , P. L. O., RODR GUEZ, A. P., VALENCIA, A. R., VEGA, N. L., GONZALEZ, M. D. & CARRERA, A. P. 2006. Assessment of human health vulnerability to climate variability and change in Cuba. Environmental health perspectives, 1942-1949.


上稿日期:2015-11-19 更新日期:2015-11-19